Historical Siamese Boxing footage from the 1920s… which eventually became known as “Muay Thai”. Because Thailand was still called Siam when this footage was filmed, there was no “Muay THAI” but was referred to as Muay Boran (which means “ancient boxing”), Siamese Boxing or Indo-Chinese Boxing (such as Pradal Serey, Lethwei, Muay Lao, Muay Boran, Muay Thai etc.).
Muay, or Muay Boran (they were used interchangeably) was already evolving away from the old ways of practical techniques for real warfare to a sport, due to the interest in the art by King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) in the 19th century. This was a growth period for Muay, during which time Muay teachers began building training camps where students were provided food and shelter for their students (and they were treated as part of their family).
The codification of Siamese Boxing sportive rules came under King Rama VII, who reigned from 1925 – 1935; and the first boxing ring in Siam was built in 1921. The use of modern boxing-style gloves were adopted in the early 30s (moving away from the old rope-binding techniques of Muay Boran).
Filed in: Muay Thai